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Michigan Referee Program / Blog  / DOGSO or SPA


Sometimes the difference between DOGSO and SPA is small. In some situations, three out of four criteria for DOGSO are met, but not all four. In that case, a red card cannot be given. DOGSO requires all four criteria to be met. 

Below, you will find a video in which three out of four criteria were met. The distance to the goal, the number of defenders, and the direction of play were all checked for DOGSO. However, the likelihood of gaining or keeping control of the ball was lacking. Therefore, the referee’s decision to give a yellow card for SPA was correct.

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